Wolves in the NEWSComments

Posted by LGK in news (Monday March 17, 2014 at 1518)

Articles linked are not published by WolfSource, they are just linked here as a resource. Content belongs to authors.

Rare wolf-dog hookup indicates wolf population thin

WA wolf population grew

Idaho biologist tracks wolf pup survival rate

The fight over the gray wolf intensifies in the U.S.

6th Red Wolf shotComments

Posted by LGK in red wolf (Thursday November 21, 2013 at 1553)

The 6th radio-collared red wolf shot in a month was discovered on private property.

There has been a reward posted .. find more information here.


3rd Red Wolf Shot in NC1 Comment

Posted by LGK in red wolf (Friday November 9, 2012 at 1340)

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is offering a reward of up to $2,500 for information about the death of a red wolf.

The red wolf, which is protected under the Endangered Species Act, was found shot dead north of Creswell, NC on Nov. 2. This is the third red wolf found dead recently.

The unlawful taking of a red wolf is punishable by one year in prison and a $100,000 fine.

Anyone with information on the death of any of the red wolves is asked to call 919-856-4786, 252-216-7504 or 252-216-8225.

Endangered Wolf Part of Recovery EffortsComments

Posted by LGK in mexican gray wolf,press release (Tuesday November 6, 2012 at 0802)


Endangered Mexican Gray Wolf Leaving Brookfield Zoo to Enter the Wild
Will Attend Wolf “Boot Camp” to Learn Survival Skills

Brookfield, Ill. — With only 58 Mexican gray wolves living in the wild in New Mexico and Arizona, a 4½-year-old female Mexican gray wolf is leaving Brookfield Zoo, which is managed by the Chicago Zoological Society, to prepare to enter the wild. The release to the wild would help bolster the population of this endangered species.

On October 27, the wolf, Ernesta, will relocate to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge near Socorro, NM. Once Ernesta arrives at this facility, she will choose a mate to be paired with for potential release. They will receive survival skills conditioning through a prerelease “boot camp” to prepare them for life in the wild.

“Just a few decades ago, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums’ Mexican Gray Wolf Species Survival Plan was put in place to save the wolves from absolute extinction,” said Joan Daniels Tantillo, associate curator of mammals for the Chicago Zoological Society. “Ernesta’s potential transfer into the wild is an important step to help foster genetic diversity within the re-introduced population to allow this species to survive.

The purpose of the prerelease conditioning is to make sure wolves are good candidates for release into the wild. Wolf biologists with the USFWS wildlife refuge will observe Ernesta as they slowly transition her to feedings that mimic the typical wolf food patterns found in the wild. She will transition to eating native prey (road-killed deer and elk) and experience conditions that imitate their natural eating patterns in which prey kills happen only every several days. She will also be subjected to conditioned taste aversion to avoid eating beef so that if released she does not cross paths with cows and ranchers.

While Ernesta may have skills to learn at boot camp, her natural wolf behaviors have been encouraged since her first day at Brookfield Zoo and will help ensure a safe and healthy transition for her potential release to the wild. Regenstein Wolf Woods, the wolf exhibit at the zoo, includes design implementations to cultivate these behaviors, such as:

    - Wolves socialize only with each other. Keepers do not interact directly with wolves.
    - Wolves receive native prey species such as elk hide, bison meat, and whole prey items.
    - Climbing logs, a pool, heated rocks, and loose dirt encourage natural behaviors like playing, lounging, and digging.
    - Dens and tunnels are the size, shape, slope, and length of those in the wild, and there is space for the wolves to dig their own dens.
    - Dens and tunnels are the size, shape, slope, and length of those in the wild, and there is space for the wolves to dig their own dens.
    - Buildings blend in with the natural surroundings so that the wolves don’t associate man made structures with shelter or food.

“We are committed to the highest level of animal care, and Regenstein Wolf Woods ensures that wolves participating in the release program will be successful in their transition into the wild,” Daniels said.

Accompanying Ernesta to the Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility will be two potential mate choices from the Endangered Wolf Center in Eureka, MO, where Ernesta was born in April 2008 before coming to Brookfield Zoo in 2010 with her litter mates (three brothers and four sisters). Her pack will remain at Brookfield Zoo after she leaves. The flight to New Mexico is sponsored by LightHawk, a volunteer pilot organization that sponsors flights of animals partaking in release programs. LightHawk also participates in other conservation-related monitoring in North America to provide aerial views of the land and assist in environmental protection.

Mexican gray wolves are part of a breeding program that is managed by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service in coordination with the Association of Zoos and Aquariums under its Species Survival Plan and the Mexican Technical Advisory Subcommittee for the Conservation of Mexican Wolves. Mexican gray wolves are the rarest and most genetically distinct subspecies of the North American gray wolves. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service first listed the species as endangered on the Endangered Species List in 1976. There are 283 Mexican wolves living in 52 institutions across the United States. The 2011 census recorded a minimum count of 58 individuals in the wild in New Mexico and Arizona, and in October 2011, five wolves were released for the first time in the northern Mexican state of Sonora.

The Chicago Zoological Society inspires conservation leadership by connecting people with wildlife and nature. The Chicago Zoological Society is a private nonprofit organization that operates Brookfield Zoo on land owned by the Forest Preserve District of Cook County. The Society is known throughout the world for Brookfield Zoo’s innovative, naturalistic, multispecies exhibits and for its international role in animal population management and wildlife conservation. For further information, visit www.CZS.org.

Mexican Gray Wolf StrugglingComments

Posted by LGK in mexican gray wolf (Tuesday November 6, 2012 at 0745)


In 2010, the US FWS declared the Mexican wolf population at risk of failure. Many have accused the agency for neglecting to carry out their full obligation under the Endangered Species Act.
Blocking the Mexican wolf recovery is the negotiated rules between the federal and state governments, more restrictive for this endangered species than for any other which is being reintroduced to the wild. Here are a few of the rules.

      - The wolves can only be freed within a small patch on the border of Arizona and New Mexico

      - Those preying on cattle can be legally removed or killed

      - Those venturing out of the recovery area must be trapped and brought back

These rules make life very difficult for the poor Mexican wolf, who cannot venture out of their patch in their search of food or in their natural dispersal. Furthermore, they are surrounded by cattle ranches, but are forbidden to act out on this savory temptation under penalty of death.
Nevertheless, the US FWS likes to call the recovery effort a success despite the limitations. According to the agency’s southwest spokesman, Tom Buckley, they are seeing second and third-generation Mexican wolves in the wild which is a very good sign.
Unfortunately, the recovery area is now saturated by the 58 wolves in the wild, which have all established their own territories. This makes the introduction of any new individuals to the wild from captivity, an extremely hazardous and dangerous prospect.

For more information on the Mexican Wolf visit USFWS Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery Program

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